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Maps 10 - Liegnitz 1561




This map is from 1561 and shows Liegnitz in the centre. The map is south-directed and therefore Görlitz is located to the right of Liegnitz and not as usually to the left, but nevertheless still westwards.

The following map is a clearer depiction of the same map.

Since the map is south-directed, the mountains are above and rivers flow down, towards the north, towards the Baltic Sea.

The map can be compared with that map, which is shown on webpage 1. Liegnitz and which shows about the same area. Here for example Lüben is shown below Liegnitz, while there Lüben is shown above of Liegnitz.




The map is from 1561, comes therefore from the time of the reformation.

The background of Bertha Dudde shows her Catholic and Protestant origin and about it there is on this website a webpage Kaspar von Schwenckfeld and he is also from Liegnitz and he was exactly like Bertha Dudde averse towards religious organizations and fond of the word of God.

Now follows an extract from an article about Frederic II, Duke of Liegnitz (Herzog Friedrich II. von Liegnitz):

Frederic II, Duke of Liegnitz (afterwards also of Brieg and Wohlau), born on 12. Febr. 1480, died on 17. Sept. 1547, one of the more important German princes of the era of the reformation, the founder of the connection, having become later so fraught with consequences, of the Piastic with the Hohenzollern house. With the death of his father (Frederic I) 1488 still under-age, he only 1499 took up the government in Liegnitz, letting his younger brother Georg have Brieg, after having stayed the last 2 years at the court of his superior feudal lord, of the king of Hungary and Bohemia Wladyslaw, whose favour he knew to acquire in such a high degree, that he granted him 1511 the important right of free disposal over the country areas subject to him contrary to the old feudal contracts and 1515 even granted the hand of his sister, the Polish king’s daughter Elisabeth, after her early death 1517 he then lead home 1519 the Hohenzollern Princess Sophie, the sister of that Mark Count Georg, who founded the rule of his house in Silesia, and Albrecht’s, the first Duke of Prussia. The same deeper religious feeling, characteristic to the young duke F., which caused him still 1507 to set out on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, made him also do the serious consideration with the ideas of the reformation, to which he, when he immediately at the beginning shunned them as revolutionary, soon closer approached, got entrance in his lands since 1523, prudently and without violence, through employment of reformative minded preachers. It was also he, who, when King Ferdinand 1527 enacted mandates against the innovations, defended, in a justification paper, having rightly become famous, the so-called "Fundamental Cause" both with restraint and firmness, his reformatory steps. This paper and especially his likewise in the year 1527 published "Apology" show the duke then turned towards the teachings of the Silesia reformer Caspar von Schwenkfeld, of whom one is indeed especially also allowed to say, that he, in the point of communion, knew to regard the reformatory thought in more worthy more spiritual kind than the inflexible Lutherism. His resolute holding on to the new teaching was all the more so important, since . . .


Now follows a picture of Kaspar von Schwenckfeld and information about his field of activity, starting in the duchy of Liegnitz:


Kaspar von Schwenckfeld






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